French Flag - Meaning and History

Understand the history and symbolism of the French flag. Find how the tricolor design appeared during the French Revolution to become France’s enduring national emblem. Explore the origins of the blue, white, and red French flag, its evolution through French history, and the in-depth purpose behind its iconic colors.

General Information About France

Country Information

  • Location: Western Europe
  • Capital: Paris
  • Population: 67 million as of 2020
  • Language: French
  • Government: Unitary semi-presidential Republic
  • Currency: Euro
  • Economy: 7th largest economy by GDP
  • Religion: Roman Catholic

Table of Content

French Flag History
French Kingdom during the Middle Ages
Color Of France Flag
Symbolism of the Flag of France
Frequently Asked Questions

French Flag History

The modern flag of France, often referred to as the French tricolor, has origins dating back to the French Revolution in the late 18th century. It consists of three vertical bands of equal width colored royal blue, white, and red.

The blue and red colors were used by the militia in Paris starting in July 1789 during the Storming of the Bastille. The Marquis de Lafayette added the white color, representing the Bourbon ruling dynasty, to create the first French tricolor cockade. This cockade design was adopted as the national flag in 1794.

Over the subsequent centuries, France saw periods of monarchical rule again with changes to the national flag. The tricolor was brought back during the July Revolution of 1830 and has since remained France’s national flag.

French Kingdom during the Middle Ages

The Kingdom of France emerged as a feudal monarchy in Western Europe during the Medieval era around the 9th to 10th centuries. This was after the Treaty of Verdun of 843 CE which divided the former Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms.

French colonial Empire
French colonial Empire
Flag of Philippe Pétain
Flag of Philippe Pétain
Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
Royal Standard of Louis
Royal Standard of Louis

During the High Middle Ages from the late 11th to 13th centuries, the French monarchy expanded its domain and consolidated control. Key developments included the Norman Conquest, the Crusades, the building of Gothic cathedrals and monasteries, and the establishment of the University of Paris.

Politically, the kingdom dealt with struggles for power between monarchs and nobles. Culturally, medieval France saw the emergence of complex courtly rituals and the rise of chivalric knightly norms based on Christian values. The Gothic style flourished in art and architecture. French became the language of the aristocracy.

Color Of France Flag

The national flag of France features three vertical bands blue, white, and red. The shade of blue used in the French tricolor is a deep shade of navy blue. The white band in the center is pure white. The shade of red used is a bright red vermillion.

The specific shades for the French flag were standardized in the 1976 official government publication “Graphical Specifications for Flags”.


The exact colors are defined by the following Pantone codes: Blue Pantone 287, White safe, and Red Pantone 186.

The colors are rich and vivid, providing a bold and recognizable design for the French flag. The dark blue and bright red contrast well with the crisp white in the center. The flag’s colors reflect those used in the cockade of the French Revolution.

Symbolism of the Flag of France

The French tricolor flag carries deep symbolic meaning related to the ideals and values of the French Republic.

  • Blue represents the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity – core values of the French Revolution.
  • White originally symbolized the Bourbon dynasty and now represents nationalism and unity. The white is central to show the importance of the nation.
  • Red represents the sacrifices made by French heroes who shed their blood defending the nation during events such as the French Revolutionary Wars. It symbolizes the courage and valor of the French people.

The three vertical bands demonstrate the unification of all French people represented by the three estates of the realm – clergy, nobility, and commoners.

The bold striking colors of the flag reflect France’s pride and national identity. The French tricolor remains an enduring symbol of freedom and democracy dating back to the French Revolution.

Download French Flag in HD

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: When did the modern French tricolor flag first emerge?

A: The origins of the French tricolor flag date back to the French Revolution in the late 18th century. The colors blue and red were first used by militia groups in 1789 during the Storming of the Bastille. The Marquis de Lafayette then added the white center to create the first French cockade.

Q: What do the three colors on the French flag represent?

A: Blue represents liberty, white symbolizes nationalism and unity, and red signifies the blood sacrificed by French heroes defending the nation. The three colors together reflect the unification of all French citizens.

Q: Has the design of the French flag changed over time?

A: Yes, there have been changes. The tricolor was abandoned several times during periods of monarchy and empire when new designs were used. But the tricolor was reinstated after major events like the July Revolution of 1830 and has been France’s continuous national flag since the late 1800s.

Q: What are the specific Pantone colors used on the modern French flag?

A: The official colors are Blue Pantone 287, White Safe, and Red Pantone 186. These shades were standardized by the French government in 1976 for consistent reproduction of the flag.

Q: Does the French flag have any other symbols or emblems on it?

A: No, the French tricolor features only the three vertical bands of color without any additional symbols or coat of arms. This clean design dates back to the French Revolution.

Q: How did the tricolor French flag inspire other nations’ flags?

A: As a symbol of revolution and liberty, the tricolor design influenced many other nations to adopt three-band flags in the late 18th and 19th centuries, including Ireland, Italy, Romania, and many more.

By Ahsa.Pk

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